Engels branch of State archive of Saratovskaya oblast
The first attempt to make a survey of the funds of the archive, concerning the Germans of Volga Region was made at the conference in institute of German and Eastern European studies in Gettingene (Germany) in November of 1995.
In the archive today: 1045 funds: From them 1037 funds of administrative documentation and 8 funds of personal origin (746 funds of period after 1917), which, first of all, include the documents of the superior bodies of the authority of republic, of village and village district councils of region, establishments, enterprises and organizations; and 299 funds of pre-revolutionary period, which, first of all, include the documents of village gatherings, village district administrations, banks, churches, industrial organizations.
211 954 records together with the fund of photo positive of 213 714 records.
Published inventories on the funds:
Since the documents, included in this inventory, differed in terms of enormous time scattering 1764-1941 - and by sufficiently diverse thematic, it was necessary to consider the principle of the construction of inventory, which would arrange both the archivist and users. Compilers attempted to group materials according to the subject sign, although they realized, which it will be impossible to conduct this line consecutively for them completely. Nevertheless, in the inventory it is possible to conditionally mark the following divisions: common questions and the questions, which are concerned life and way of life of colonists; documents on the history of population; statistical evidence also of different kind lists; documents on the history of churches and being concerned religious cults; documents on the history of public education; documents on the history of culture, people creation, literature; materials on the regional study; leaflet, newspaper, manuscripts; the work of the individual authors and information about them.
For convenience in work with the inventory and expanding the circle of the potential researchers of history and culture of the Germans of Volga Region both in Russia and in Germany and other countries, the inventory is comprised in two languages - Russian and German. It is supplied with the indicator of names, with geographical and subject indexes, and also with list of reductions. Compilers hope that the inventory published will give not only new pulse for future studies on the history and cultures of the Germans of Volga Region, but also it will substantially facilitate the work of researchers in this direction.
Archival funds: Unfortunately, not all documents according to the Germans of Volga Region complete, not all are plotted in the specific time frame. The incomplete safety of documents has a whole series both of objective and subjective reasons. At the same time Engels archive is the keeper of the largest file of documents on the German problem.
The majority of the pre-revolutionary funds, which are stored in the archive, is the funds of Village gatherings for 1799-1917 of: Enders, Kukkus, Shwed, Rozenheim, Reynval'd, Schulz, Zikhel'berg, Ekgeim, Shilling, Erenfel'd, Shendorf, Brabander, Shuk, Goffental', Lilienfeld and others -reflect entire varied life of settlers.First of all, these are the verdicts of the village gatherings, book of different kind of collections - zemstvo, fiscal, tax, the book of the calculation of money capital, income and expenditure of the assembled sums. Lists of colonists, comprised on different occasions, the personal accounts, house owners concerning the indication of their property status, the hereditary affairs of dead persons, the orphan matters and the matter about the family divisions, the lists of those, who desire to be moved into Semipalatinsk region, to other places. Documents about the work of commercial houses, industrial enterprises. Information about the population, the sowings, harvest, cattle breeding, revision lists. The information about the economic position of population, about the fastening of the land into the personal property according to the law of 9 November, 1906; delivery of loans to the sowing of spring pour on, the distributing lists of those being needing foodstuffs, the information about a quantity of population, village societies, about the measures of disease control of animals. From the conducting about the number of schools, teachers, studying young people. The agreements about the hire of farmhands, herdsmen, record of rent and so forth in the archive are stored also the funds for village district , in which there are solutions of village district and arbitration, civil and criminal cases.
Funds of village district administrations of (Ekaterinenshtadt for the years 1763-1917, Krasnoyarsk for the years 1805-1916, Sosnovskoye (Shilling) for the years 1799-1914, Tarlykskoy (Laub) for the years 1797-1916, Mariyental' for the years 1875-1915, Torgunskoye for the years 1870-1913, etc; village gatherings and their administrations of: Aleksandrovsk (Gokkerberg, Boon) for the years 1847-1917, Berezovskoye (Ernestinendorf) for the years 1850-1917, Boaro for the years 1836-1916, Boregardt for the years 1809-1917, Basel, Graz for the years 1847-1917, Vol'sk (Kukkus) for the years 1835-1916, Gololobovskoye (Dengof) for the years 1847-1885, Bal'tser for the years 1846-1916, Zvonarevskoye (Shwed) for the years 1831-1916, Brabander for 1806-1917, Krivovskoye (Obermonzhu) for the years 1836-1919, Paul'skoe for the years 1812-1916, Rozenheim for the years 1802-1916, Filippovskoye (Filippsfel'd) for the years 1798-1918, etc. reveal basic vitally important questions of way of life and activity of colonists.
Here documents about the migration of the German population: from the colony into the colony, into the Crimea, Kazakhstan (Semipalatinsk and Akmolinsk regions), into America at the end of the 19th and beginning of the before the First World War, into Siberia. For example, the list of settlers of Rozenheim, which moved to America in 1911- beginning of 1912, or affirmed by the verdicts of Krasnoyar, Ust' -Karaman, Frezental', Enders of village gatherings the lists of those, who desire to leave into America and others.
Funds of village gatherings and village district administrations are irreplaceable sources for the composition of genealogy. They store the lists, most valuable of which – Revision list (population census) after 1834, 1850 and 1857. So, in the fund of Baltzersk village district administration Revision lists of 1850 of Bal'tsera itself, and also the villages, entering the rural district – Grimm, Karamyshevka and Ust' -Zolixa. Not are less important for genealogical studies family lists of Bal'tser, Dengof, Ekaterinenshtadt, Krasny Yar, Graf, Norka, Varenburg and other.
In the archive the funds of 45 Evangelical- Lutheran and 21 Roman Catholic churches were preserved. (On the basis of the foreign sources, of about 75%, the arrived in the Volga settlers they were Lutherans). And although, as has already been spoken above, documents not complete, the carried out analysis showed that the archive stores 419 books about the generation, the baptism, betrothal and death of citizens. Major portion of them was preserved since 1800. The personal books, which have value which is not smaller, than metric, supplement well them, and they are used by archivists with the performance of the demands of genealogical nature.
The documents of churches store also information from the history of settlings, formation of arrivals, building and reconstruction of churches, the work of schools with them, libraries. The special interest cause the chronicles, in which the dates of the building of wooden are indicated, and is later stone buildings, the style of building, means, to which it was produced building, lists of donors, required information about the clergymen. Some chroniclers reported about the life of settlers, about the weather cataclysms, hurricanes, floods, droughts, etc.
The most complete documents of the Evangelical-Lutheran churches of villages: Bal'tser for the years 1804-1918, Dengof for the years 1815-1905, Ekaterinenshtadt (Marksshtadt) in 1763- 1916, Norka for the years 1833-1915, Varenburg for the years 1794-1916, into arrival of which entered Tarlyk and Skatovka; Anton for the years 1764-1892, Ust' -Zolixa (Messer) for the years 1791-1912. The part of the books with the records about the generation, marriages and death of these churches is located in Saratov archive, since were they transmitted, as it was already noted, by regional archive of Civil Registry Office after expiration 75- of summer period of storage without taking into account the law of archives about the indivisibility of archive funds and now is in prospect work on their return to the archive of Engels for completing of funds, reunification of documents, which will be convenient for the work of archivist, researchers, and the main thing - for the citizens, who are rotated into the archive on questions of genealogy.
The funds for archive up to 1917 tell us, also, about the development of industry, the production of famous cloth "sarpinka" (it were preserved album with the models of cloth), the development of mill economy. These are the commercial houses of " Bender and sons" (Bal'tser), "Brothers Schmidt" (Ust' -Zolixa), the Ekaterinenshtad factory of agricultural machines and mechanisms (plant "Revival"), in the documents of the latter we find the drawings of the flywheel of engine, cast iron projectiles to the bomb thrower (1901). Were preserved documents of joiner factory "I. D. Trippel' and Ko”, carriage and winnower company of A. A. Brungardt (Mariental'), a whole series of the mills of colonists: Al’t, Vormsbekher, Sabel'fel'd... It is pleasant that the documents of archive do not lie by dead load. Archivist carried out subject demands about the family of Bender for the ancestors from Moscow, for the relatives of family distinguished in the Volga Region Reineke, etc. are most fully in the archive presented the documents of establishments and organizations, created after 1917.
Soviet period is opened by the records of Volga commissariat on German affairs, in the fund are stored government telegrams about the creation of commissariat, documents of I and II congresses of German colonies, materials about the isolation of districts, protocols of the general meetings of colonists, correspondence with the village councils for questions of land exploitation. Is stored in the archive and the fund for executive committee, its divisions and administrations, where formation from the working commune of the region of the Germans of Volga Region is outlined in documents. Here there are illuminated all problems of life of the newly created provincial association in its fight for the survival in the first years of the Soviet regime, with the hunger, by overcoming the crisis, by economic redevelopment, by the adjusting of life. There are documents of all central organs of ASSR NP - central executive committee, the Supreme Soviet, the council of people commissioners, people's commissariats, administrations, unions so forth the documents of the period of the Soviet regime, education of the working commune (region) of the Germans of Volga Region in 1918, its conversion into region in 1922 with the entry into it Pokrovsk- Engels and Pokrovsk district, conversion it during January 1924 in ASSR NP are represented in the funds for Volga commissariat on German affairs, the executive committee of the region of the Volga Germans, and its divisions, central executive committee, the Supreme Soviet, people's commissariats, administrations, associations, commissions and so forth on the basis of them is written a whole series of works. Most influential of them - A. Herman's monograph in 2 parts "German autonomy in the Volga".
The documents of power structures give materials about the political system of republic, changes in the administrative-territorial division, about the cultural connections with the foreign countries, reveal the processes of dispossession of kulaks and moving out of population beyond the limits of Nemrespublik or into the specially created in its territory "kulak" settlements. Archive stores the documents of commissions on dispossession of kulaks on Nemrespublike. The documents of the funds for Soviet period reveal other pages in the history of region. Attract attention of researchers statistical data of fund of the administration for the national-economic calculation of ASSR NP, where from 1918 through is 1941 information about the population, the national composition, about the industrial enterprises, about the enterprises of agriculture, about the planted areas, about the harvests, about the loss of grain crops as a result of the drought, about the liquidation of particular landownership and land tenure, the creation of kolkhozes, state farms.
Documents on the history of culture and public education are widely represented in the fund of the People's commissariat of the education of ASSR NP, inventory is published in 1997 within the framework of the same joint project with the institute in Gettingen. This and the creation of the network of schools, orphanages, so necessary in the twentieth years, boarding school for the deaf children in the Orlovskoe, first pedagogical college in Zel'man, opened on the base of Zel'man teacher seminary, about the transfer of school into Marksshtadt, creation in the middle of the twentieth it is annual new pedagogical colleges in Zel'man and Krasny Kut.
The development of industry and collectivized agriculture required training competent personnel of middle link, due to in the republic were opened in the middle of the 20s Bal'tsersk textile, Krasnokutsk agricultural and Marksshtadt mechanical technical schools, approximating on their location the appropriate branch. For training of personnel of top level in 1929 German pedagogical institute was opened, in 1930 - German agricultural.
From the first years in the German autonomy special attention was paid to the musical formation. In Marksshtadt, first capital of German autonomy, was opened musical school, in Engels - musical school in 1937. The network of museums was expanded. In 1919- Marksshtadt museum, in 1925 - central museum of ASSR NP.
The number of establishments of culture increased with each year. German state theater (1931), German state philharmonic hall (1934), the theater of dolls, operetta, collective farm- state farm theaters in Bal'tser, Marksshtadt and Krasny Kut.
On the history of culture and public education of the Germans of Volga Region are written numerous work of scientists, including the work of E. Erina the "descriptions of history and culture of the Germans of Volga Region", the "rites of the Germans of Volga Region", "proverbs and the saying of the Germans of Volga Region". A number of articles they are written in the co-authorship: on the history of the central museum of ASSR NP, of development of public education in Nemrespublik, the individual people prominent in culture and science (G. Dinges, A. Dul'zon, P. Rau). In the archive is created the united fund of scientists G. Dinges and A. Dul'zon, into whom entered the lists of the first colonists and interesting materials on dialectology and the ethnography of the Volga Germans.
MOST FREQUENTLY ASKED DOCUMENTS FOR GENEALOGY RESEARCH:
Church or Office: F 259 Evangelic- Lutheran
Type of book;Years
Marriages & Deaths 1834-1851;
Village: Balzer (Goly Karamysh)
Church or Office: F 174 Evangelic- Lutheran
Births,Marriages & Deaths 1820-1830;
Births & Deaths 1827-1844;1862-1867;1880-1891;1872-1879
Personal Books 1846-1860;1861-1875;1876-1890;
1891-1905 (beginning with the letter "K")
Those Confirmed 1897-1924
Church or Office: F 56 Goly Karamysh Village Administration
Family List 1891-1906
Village: Louis (Otrogovka)
Church or Office: F 235 Roman-Catholic
Exams before Marriage 1847-1890;1899;1900-1908;1908-1914;1915
Village: Krasny Yar (German village)
Church or Office: F 193 Evangelic- Lutheran
Births,Marriages & Deaths 1834-1882;1843-1862
Church or Office: F 32 Village Administration
Revision List 1857;
Family Lists 1873;1874;1874- 1891;1874-1896;1874- 1896;1874- 1896
Village: Mariental (Tonkoshurovka)
Church or Office: F 107 Village Administration
Family Lists 1908;
Church or Office: F 235 Roman-Catholic
Births,Marriages & Deaths 1791-1825;
Exams before Marriage 1827-1855;1837-1842;1875-1922;1878-1887
Village: Messer (Ust-Zolikha)
Church or Office: F 268 Evangelic-Lutheran
Births, Marriages & Deaths 1821-1835;1854-1893;1881-1891;1899-1903; 1899-1901;
Those Confirmed 1856-1891;
Personal Books 1834-1849;
Church or Office: F 321 Village Administration
Revision List 1857;
Church or Office: F 268 Evangelic-Lutheran
Marriages 1849-1868;1838-1911 (certificates);1849-1911
Deaths 1849-1872;1883-1911 (certificates);1834-1868;1869
Metrical excerpts re the Norka District 1857;1858;1863-1867;1869;1871;1856- 1861
Those Confirmed 1835-1873;
Personal Books 1834-1845;1846-1860;
Village: Reinhardt (Osinovka)
Church or Office: F 248 Evangelic-Lutheran
Deaths & Marriages 1821;
Exams before Marriage 1850
Personal Book 1834
Village: Rosenheim (Podstepnove)
Church or Office: F 7 Village Administration
Revision Lists 1819;1833;1854;1857
Family Lists 1874;1881;1898
Village: Sosnovka (Schilling)
Church or Office: F 263 Evangelic-Lutheran (only re Sosnovka)
Births 1767-1814; 1814-1813;1845-1858;1859-1878
Births & Deaths 1847-1859
Church or Office: F 103 Village Administration
Family Lists 1883
Village: Warenburg (Privalnove)
Church or Office: F 244 Evangelic-Lutheran
Deaths 1856;1865(re Skatovka);1876-1887;1888
Confirmations 1835-1853;1849-1859;1854-1892;1835-1892 (re Skatovka)
Births,Marriages & Deaths 1826-1840;1841-1850;1851-1856;1857-1861
Church or Office: F 91 Village Administration
Family Lists 1874;1885-1904
Village: Doenhof (Gololobovka)
Church or Office: F 244 Evangelic-Lutheran
Personal Book 1834-1845
Births, Marriages & Deaths 1838-1851;1842-1851
Exams before Marriage 1816-1834;1870-1905
Church or Office: F 319 Village Administration
Revision Lists 1850;1857
Family Lists 1874;1822
Personal Books 1906
Church or Office: F 260 Evangelic-Lutheran
Personal Book 1779-1884
Village: Katharinenstadt (Marxstadt)
Church or Office: F 221 Evangelic-Lutheran
Births & Deaths re the village of Brockhausen 1836-1848
Church or Office: F 277 Roman-Catholic
Births,Marriages & Deaths 1897-1905
Births & Deaths 1897-1934
Church or Office: F 341 Village Administration
Revision List 1857
Family Lists 1873;1899
Church or Office: F 355 District Administration
Revision Lists 1850;1851;1857
Family Lists 1873
Family Lists (from "G" to "L") 1896
Village: Beideck (Talovka)
Church or Office: F 263 Evangelic-Lutheran
Births & Deaths 1847-1859
Village: Bettinger (Baratavevka)
Church or Office: F 167 Evangelic-Lutheran
Births,Marriages & Deaths 1806-1833;1827-1837
Births,Betrothals & Deaths 1838-1844
Village: Boaro (Boisroux, Bordovove)
Church or Office: F 164 Evangelic-Lutheran
Church or Office: F 354 Village Administration
Family Lists 1883;1850
Village: Telausa (Fischer,Rybnove)
Church or Office: F 350 Village Administration
Revision Lists 1848;1850;1851;1862-1863
Church or Office: F 72 Village Administration
Family Lists 1895;1878
Church or Office: F 198 Roman-Catholic
Church or Office: F 195 Roman-Catholic
Births,Marriages & Deaths 1811-1834
Births,Marriages & Deaths 1797-1811